Proper Handling and Storage
of Diesel Fuel

Diesel fuel is a petroleum product like gasoline, but it is heavier, more stable, and less flammable than gasoline. Due to its relative density, diesel engines get better mileage than gas powered ones, which is why it is widely used in commercial transportation vehicles such as trucks, tractor trailers, trains, and large maritime shipping vessels. Because diesel is so integral to the transportation of commercial goods, it is—in some sense—the lifeblood of commerce. Essentially all the clothing, gadgets, tools, materials, equipment, or really any goods necessary for everyday life would not be there without diesel powering the transportation fleets that distribute them around the country. 

According to the Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration (EIA), which researches, collects and disseminates information on energy topics, diesel fuel is also widely used in commercial farming and military applications because diesel engines are less likely to stall than gasoline engines. Many emergency generators that provide electricity to mission critical facilities during power outages are also fueled by diesel. If stored improperly, it can potentially ignite and threaten the safety of personnel and assets. To safeguard your personnel and facilities, it is imperative to store and handle diesel fuel using approved containers, cabinets, and other handling equipment.

Eagle is the industry leader in flammable and combustible liquid safety equipment. To help you find the storage and handling equipment that is right for your facility, here is an overview of the regulations and classifications concerning flammable and combustible liquids and the equipment designed to offer protection and compliance.

Regulations for Handling and Storing Flammable Liquids

According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the National Fire Protection Agency (NFPA), flammable and combustible liquids must be stored and handled in such a way as to minimize the risk of fire. There are a variety of potential ignition sources in industrial and commercial work areas, including open flames, sparks created by tools, and metal shavings from welding operations.

OSHA general industry standard 1910.106(a)(29) and construction industry standard 1926.152(a)(1) requires that facilities take adequate precautions to prevent the ignition of flammable and combustible liquids. Eagle safety cans and safety cabinets are uniquely designed to satisfy OSHA standards and NFPA code 30 requirements. By storing flammable liquids in approved containers, facilities can minimize the risk to personnel and achieve regulatory compliance.

Classification of Different Flammable Liquids

There are three classes of flammable  and combustible liquids according to the NFPA. A flammable liquid is defined as any liquid with a flashpoint—the lowest temperature that produces vapors—of below 100°F (38°C) and a vapor pressure no greater than 100 °F (38°C). A combustible liquid is any liquid with a flashpoint that is higher than 100°F (38°C).

Class I technically refers to flammable liquids, while Classes II and III refer to combustible liquids. According to OSHA general industry standard 1910.106(d)(3)(i) and construction industry standard 1926.152(b)(3), no more than 60 gallons of a flammable liquid may be stored in a single safety cabinet. No more than three safety cabinets can be housed in any facility. Because diesel has a flashpoint that falls between 100-140°F (38- 60°C)s, it is considered a Class II combustible liquid by the NFPA. Please review Section 9: Physical and Chemical Properties of your Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) for exact flashpoints of your chosen fuel products.

Diesel Fuel Storage and Handling Solutions

Flammable Liquid Safety Cabinets

Flammable liquid safety cabinets from Eagle feature an 18-gauge thick, welded steel construction that will protect flammable and combustible materials from ignition sources. Safety cabinets are available with self-latching doors designed to secure contents for maximum storage protection in the event of a fire. 

Cabinets with manual-close doors open to a full 180 degrees and self-latch when pushed closed. Flammable liquid cabinets are FM approved, and most include a ten-year warranty, which ensures they meet the highest standards in safety and loss prevention.

Type 1 Safety Cans

Type I safety cans from Eagle feature a single opening for filling and pouring liquids. These cans are constructed of 24-gauge hot-dipped galvanized steel with an environmentally sustainable baked-on powder coat finish for maximum durability and chemical resistance. The spring-closing lid and neoprene gasket on these cans enables them to vent at five psi of internal pressure automatically. Eagle Type I safety cans are the only safety cans on market that feature a deep-drawn, seamless quality construction.

The flame arresters of the Type I can are designed to offer flashback protection, and the optional funnel makes it easy to pour liquid into smaller openings and prevent spills, so no messy clean-up. For diesel storage, yellow FM approved cans can quickly identify diesel fuel in industrial and commercial facilities.

Type 2 Safety Cans

Type II safety cans offer all the features of the Type I safety can with the added convenience of an actuated pouring valve for more controlled pouring. Type II safety cans feature two openings: one for filling and the other for dispensing. This design provides users with a better, safer and more controlled pour. The yellow Type II safety can is ideal for storing diesel fuels. For construction or transportation storage needs, DOT safety cans feature roll bars that ensure safe closure and protect the spout.

Find the Storage and Handling Equipment that is Right for You

Eagle is the industry leader in flammable and combustible liquid storage and handling products. We supply facilities worldwide with the equipment they need to store dangerous materials and meet regulatory compliance safely. Eagle's line of metal safety cans and flammable liquid safety cabinets offer solutions for a variety of applications. In addition to providing regulatory compliance, Eagle’s safety cans and cabinets are designed to keep your personnel and facilities safe, secure, and protected.

Whether you are looking for a safety can or flammable and combustible liquids safety cabinet, Eagle has the equipment you need to store a range of potentially flammable and combustible materials safely. Take a look at our extensive line of flammable liquids storage and handling products and find the solution that is best suited to your needs.

This guide for the proper storage and handling of chemicals from Eagle is intended for reference only. It is not a substitute for the user clearly understanding the nature and proper application of flammable liquids and the laws regulating their use.

How to Properly Store Different Types of Flammable Liquids