Proper Handling and Storage
of Turpentine

Turpentine oil and other related turpentine byproducts are derived from the sap of pine trees. During the distillation process, turpentine oil—an odorless, colorless liquid—is extracted. Turpentine oil has a variety of uses in a wide range of industries. Turpentine is one of the oldest known and most widely used industrial solvents. It is used in many manufacturing operations, including the production of rubber, soaps, cosmetics, paints and varnishes, plastics, and insecticides. It is also used in the construction industry to thin paint, create waterproof cement products, lubricate drills and grinders for glass work, clean oil-based paint, varnish, or polyurethane application tools, and can be applied to work before finishing.

According to a chemical fact sheet from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA—a division of the U.S Department of Commerce) turpentine is a highly flammable liquid that can have potentially adverse effects on the human body if not handled properly and with care. It can irritate the skin and respiratory tract and cause allergic reactions. Because of the widespread use of turpentine in many industrial and commercial operations, it is essential for facilities to understand the regulatory requirements concerning turpentine.

Eagle is the industry leader in flammable and combustible safety equipment for industrial, commercial and public facilities. Safety equipment designed to facilitate the safe storage and handling of turpentine and other flammable liquids is essential for protecting workers and maintaining regulatory compliance in a variety of working contexts. To help you find the safety solutions that are right for you, here is an overview of the regulatory requirements regarding turpentine and the safety equipment from Eagle designed to provide safe handling and storage.

Flammable Storage Requirements for Turpentine

Improperly stored flammable and combustible liquids pose a potential risk for fire in industrial and commercial facilities. According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the National Fire Protection Agency (NFPA), facilities must take steps to properly handle and store flammable and combustible liquids in order to reduce the risk of facility fires and injuries. In industrial and commercial facilities, there are a variety of potential ignition sources—including open flames, portable heaters, slag from welding, and spark producing tools—that could ignite flammable liquids, including turpentine.

OSHA general industry standard 1910.106(a)(29) and construction industry-standard 1926.152(a)(1) specifically require facilities to secure flammable and combustible liquids in approved storage containers to prevent liquids from coming into contact with ignition sources. Flammable and combustible liquid storage cabinets and safety cans from Eagle are designed to satisfy OSHA standards and NFPA code 30 requirements. Implementing these storage and handling products can reduce the risk of injury or property damage and enable facilities to maintain regulatory compliance.

Classification of Flammable Liquids

According to the NFPA, there are three classes of flammable and combustible liquids. The NFPA identifies a flammable liquid as any liquid that has a flashpoint of below 100°F (38°C) and a vapor pressure that does not exceed 100 °F (38°C). A combustible liquid is any liquid with a flashpoint that exceeds 100 °F (38°C).

A Class I flammable liquid technically refers to a flammable liquid, while Classes II and III refer to combustible liquids. According to OSHA general industry standard 1910.106(d)(3)(i) and construction industry-standard 1926.152(b)(3), no more than 60 gallons of a flammable liquid may be stored in a single safety cabinet, and no more than three safety cabinets may be stored in a single facility. Turpentine has a flashpoint below 100 °F (38°C) and is considered a Class I flammable liquid.

Approved Storage Solutions for Turpentine

Safety Cabinets

Flammable and combustible liquid storage safety cabinets from Eagle are designed to safely store a variety of flammable and combustible liquids in industrial and commercial facilities in accordance with regulatory requirements. These cabinets feature a reinforced double-wall, 18-gauge steel construction that will segregate flammable and combustible liquids from potential ignition sources.

All safety cabinets from Eagle incorporate four adjustable leveling legs, continuous piano hinges, ground connection, triangular warning labels, and internal vents. Flammable and combustible liquid cabinets are also available with self-closing or manual close doors. The self-latching doors are designed to secure contents for maximum storage protection in the event of a fire. The patented adjustable shelves are supported by individual brackets and can hold up to 350 pounds and designed to direct spills to the back and bottom of the leak proof sump—ensuring that no chemicals can escape from containment. Cabinets from Eagle are FM-approved, and most include a 10-year warranty, which ensures they meet the highest standards in safety, performance, and loss prevention.

Type 1 Safety Cans

Eagle safety cans are known for their high-quality design. Type I safety cans feature a single opening for dispensing or filling liquids. These cans are constructed of 24-gauge hot-dipped galvanized steel with an environmentally sustainable baked-on powder coat finish for maximum durability and chemical resistance. The finish is available in a variety of colors in order to help personnel distinguish between liquids. Turpentine is Class IB flammable liquid, so it would be stored in a red safety can.

The spring-closing lid and neoprene gasket on these cans enables them to vent at five psi of internal pressure automatically. Safety cans from Eagle also incorporate a non-sparking flame arrester that offers flashback protection for the user. These cans are designed to satisfy OSHA and NFPA code 30 requirements and are also UL, ULC, and FM approved for the safe handling and storage of turpentine and other flammable and combustible liquids. Eagle Type I safety cans are the only safety cans on market that feature a deep-drawn, seamless quality construction.

Type II Safety Cans

Type II safety cans feature two openings—one for filling and one for dispensing liquids. The Type II cans also incorporate a flexible metal spout that reduces the potential for ignition and provides great accuracy when pouring. These cans feature the same durable construction as Type I cans and are approved for the safe handling and storage of a variety of flammable and combustible liquids.

Find the Turpentine Storage Option that is Right for You

Eagle is the industry leader in flammable and combustible liquid storage and handling products. We supply facilities all over the world with the equipment they need to safely handle and store them in accordance with regulatory requirements. Eagle’s line of metal safety cans and flammable liquid safety cabinets offer solutions for a variety of applications. In addition to providing regulatory compliance, Eagle’s safety cans and cabinets are designed to keep your personnel and facilities safe, secure, and protected.

Whether you need a flammable and combustible liquid safety cabinet to store dangerous liquids or a safety can to facilitate transportation and dispensing, Eagle has the safety equipment you need. Take a look at our selection of flammable and combustible liquid safety products and find the equipment and safety solutions that are right for you and your facility.

This guide for the proper storage and handling of chemicals from Eagle is intended for reference only. It is not a substitute for the user clearly understanding the nature and proper application of flammable liquids and the laws regulating their use.

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